5-year qualitative results of isolated cryosurgical ablation for hepatic malignancy at Walter Reed Army Medical Center

Scott T. Rehrig*, Suzan Marshall, Collin Meghoo, George E. Peoples, Craig D. Shriver

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Purpose Cryosurgical ablation (CSA) is an established treatment for primary and metastatic liver malignancies. The study objective was to qualitatively define our patient CSA experience and compare it with the existing literature. Methods A retrospective review was conducted of patients who underwent isolated CSA from September 1995 to April 2000. Data were collected on patient characteristics, tumor characteristics, sequential 12-hour laboratory data, transfusion requirements, and survival data. SPSS 9.0 (SPSS, Chicago, Illinois) was used for data analysis. Results Twenty-four patients (14 men, 10 women) were studied. Eighty-seven lesions (mean 3.8/patient) were treated. Six patients underwent treatment for primary liver tumors, whereas 16 were treated for metastatic disease. White blood cell count increased 1.7-fold, and platelet count decreased 2.0-fold. Aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase increased significantly 42- and 29-fold, respectively. Seven out of 21 (33%) patients required blood transfusion. Our overall complication rate was 25%. Perioperative mortality was 0%. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed an overall survival of 46% at a median follow-up of 33.7 ± 6.8 months. CONCLUSIONS: Although isolated CSA of hepatic malignancies results in major and minor alterations in serologic parameters, they equate to little clinical significance. Blood product transfusions are necessary in 30% patients post-CSA. Significant perioperative complications occur in 25% of patients. Survival estimates suggest that nearly 50% of patients undergoing CSA can be expected to survive longer than 2 years post-CSA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-85
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Cryoablation
  • Hepatic
  • Liver
  • Metastases
  • Surgery


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