A hemoglobin based oxygen carrier, bovine polymerized hemoglobin (HBOC-201) versus hetastarch (HEX) in an uncontrolled liver injury hemorrhagic shock swine model with delayed evacuation

Jennifer Gurney, Nora Philbin*, Jennifer Rice, Françoise Arnaud, Feng Dong, Meghan Wulster-Radcliffe, L. Bruce Pearce, Lewis Kaplan, Richard McCarron, Daniel Freilich

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: As HBOC-201 improves outcome in animals with hemorrhagic shock (HS), we compared HBOC-201 and HEX (used by U.S. military special operations forces) in a swine model of delayed evacuation and uncontrolled HS. Methods: Twenty-four Yucatan pigs underwent a grade III liver injury and were resuscitated with HBOC-201, HEX, or no fluid (NON). Additional infusions were given for hypotension or tachycardia. After 4 hours, the liver was repaired; IV fluids and blood transfusions were administered. Pigs were monitored for 72 hours. Results: Survival was 7/8, 1/8, and 1/8 in HBOC-201-, HEX-, and NON-resuscitated pigs, respectively. Compared with HEX, HBOC-201 pigs had higher systemic and pulmonary artery pressures and had comparable cardiac outputs, but were less tachycardic. Transcutaneous tissue oxygenation was restored more rapidly in HBOC-201 pigs, there was a trend to lower lactic acid, and base deficit was less. HBOC-201 pigs had lower fluid requirements, higher urine output, and lower blood loss than HEX pigs. Conclusions: Despite evidence of vasoactivity, HBOC-201 more effectively stabilized tissue oxygenation, reversed anaerobic metabolism, decreased bleeding, and increased survival in comparison with HEX. If confirmed in clinical trials, these data suggest that for the resuscitation of combat casualties with delayed evacuation and uncontrolled HS due to solid organ injury, HBOC-201 is a superior low-volume resuscitative fluid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)726-738
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2004

Keywords

  • Combat casualty
  • HBOC-201
  • Hemorrhagic shock
  • Hextend
  • Liver injury
  • Swine
  • Uncontrolled hemorrhage

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