A New Pressure-Regulated, Partial REBOA Device Achieves Targeted Distal Perfusion

Joseph M. White*, Alley E. Ronaldi, Jeanette E. Polcz, Philip Spreadborough, Marta Madurska, John A. Mares, Lai Yee Leung, Todd E. Rasmussen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) reduces blood loss and improves hemodynamics. Complete occlusion results in distal ischemia, limiting its use for prolonged care. This study evaluated two next-generation partial REBOA (pREBOA) catheters and their ability to achieve targeted distal aortic flow. Materials and methods: Swine underwent hemorrhagic shock, complete aortic occlusion, controlled continuous balloon deflation, and targeted distal perfusion (TDP; 300-mL/min) phases. They were randomized into three groups (n = 6/group), one managed with the current ER-REBOA (ER), and two with the new pREBOA technologies: a bilobed (BL) device and a semicompliant pREBOA-PRO (PRP). Hemodynamics including flow rates and mean arterial pressures at the carotid artery and infrarenal aorta were recorded. Results: Hemodynamics were comparable between groups during hemorrhage and complete occlusion phases. During the controlled continuous balloon deflation phase, the distal aortic flow rate strongly correlated with percent balloon volume in BL and PRP groups, suggesting a precise control of distal perfusion. The slope of flow-balloon-volume curves was greater in the ER group than BL and PRP groups, indicating the change in distal aortic flow rate was more sensitive to the balloon volume (less titratable) when using ER. During the TDP phase, variation in distal aortic flow and mean arterial pressure with respect to the target flow was lower in ER and PRP groups, than the BL group. Conclusions: Pressure-regulated occlusion using the next-generation pREBOA catheters is more controlled than the first-generation ER-REBOA catheter and allow for targeted and precise distal perfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-179
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume256
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hemorrhage
  • Partial REBOA
  • REBOA catheters
  • Targeted distal perfusion

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