A novel, quantitative clot retraction assay to evaluate platelet function

Wayne T. Muraoka, Prajeeda M. Nair, Daniel N. Darlington*, Xiaowu Wu, James A. Bynum, Andrew P. Cap

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Blood platelets are crucial to prevent excessive bleeding following injury to blood vessels. Platelets are crucial for the formation of clots and for clot strength. Platelet activation involves aggregation, attachment to fibrin and clot retraction. Most assays that address platelet function measure platelet aggregation, not clot retraction. Here, we describe a 96-well-based clot retraction assay that requires a relatively short runtime and small sample volume. The assay involves continuous optical density monitoring of platelet-rich plasma that is activated with thrombin. The data can be analyzed using time-series analytical tools to generate quantitative information about different phases of clot formation and clot retraction. The assay demonstrated good repeatability and reproducibility and was robust to different calcium concentrations. Impairment of platelet bioenergetics, actin polymerization, fibrin interaction, and signaling significantly affected clot retraction and was detected and showed good agreement with light transmission aggregometry, suggesting that clot retraction is predictive of platelet function. Using this microplate clot retraction assay, we showed a significant difference in platelets stored in autologous plasma compared with platelet additive solution after 7 days of room temperature storage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2254403
JournalPlatelets
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 96-well
  • clot retraction
  • microplate assay
  • platelet additive solution
  • platelet aggregation
  • platelet function test
  • platelet products
  • platelet storage

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