A phase I trial with two human monoclonal antibodies (hMAb 2F5, 2G12) against HIV-1

Christine Armbruster*, Gabriela M. Stiegler, Brigitta A. Vcelar, Walter Jäger, Nelson L. Michael, Norbert Vetter, Hermann W.D. Katinger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To study the safety, immunogenicity and pharmacokinetics of two intravenously administered human monoclonal antibodies (hMAb 2F5, 2G12) against HIV-1 in humans. Design: Open label clinical phase I trial. Setting: Primary institutional care. Patients: Seven HIV-1-infected healthy volunteers with ≥ 500 × 106CD4 cells/I and ≤ 10 000 HIV-1 RNA copies/ml, not treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), entered and finished the study. Interventions and main outcome measures: Eight separate infusions of the hMAb were administered over a 4-week period (total dose 14 g). The safety was assessed by physical examination, blood chemistry, complete blood cell count and recording adverse events. 2F5 and 2G12 plasma levels were determined prior to and at the end of each infusion and during the follow-up period of 22 weeks. Results: No clinical or laboratory abnormalities were observed throughout the study. The median distribution half-life (t1/2α) of 2F5 and 2G12 was 1.02 (range, 0.77-1.47) days and 2.49 (range, 0.92-4.59) days, respectively. The elimination half-life (t1/2β) was calculated to be 7.94 (range, 3.46-8.31) days for 2F5 and 16.48 (range, 12.84-24.85) days for 2G12. The median plasma concentration immediately after the first infusion was 216 μg/ml (range, 158-409 μg/ml) for 2F5 and 238 μg/ml (range, 197-402 μg/ml) for 2G12. Multiple infusions resulted in maximum plasma concentrations of 374 μg/ml (range, 304-700 μg/ml) and 605 μg/ml (range, 479-897 μg/ml) for 2F5 and 2G12, respectively. Conclusions: This study showed that the hMAb 2F5 and 2G12 are safe and well tolerated by HIV-1-infected subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-233
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Jan 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HIV therapy
  • HIV-1
  • Human monoclonal antibodies
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Safety

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