Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and adverse events of thalidomide in previously-treated, measurable, persistent or recurrent carcinosarcoma of the uterus, and to explore associations between angiogenic markers with patient demographics and clinical outcome. Methods: Eligible, consenting patients were treated until disease progression or toxicity intervened with daily starting dose of 200 mg thalidomide/day that was increased by 200 mg every 2 weeks to a target dose of 1000 mg/day. Endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) ≥ 6 months (primary), toxicity, response, overall PFS and survival. Pre- and post-treatment plasma were evaluated for a panel of angiogenic biomarkers and assessed against clinical outcomes. Results: Of 55 enrolled patients, 45 were evaluable for toxicity and survival. Two patients (4%; 90% CI 1-13%) experienced a partial response, and 8 (18%; 90% CI 9-30%) had PFS ≥ 6 months. Median PFS was 1.9 months and median survival was 5.9 months. Grade 2-3 sensory neuropathy was noted in 6 patients, and 4, 3, and 3 patients experienced grade 3 sedation, fatigue, and constipation, respectively. Three patients had grade 4 adverse events (2 thromboembolic, 1 anemia). High pre-treatment VEGFA levels were associated with poorer PFS and survival. Conclusions: Treatment with thalidomide met the protocol specified goal of prolonging PFS at 6 months. However, based on results with newer agents, the activity was insufficient to support further investigation. Association between pre-treatment VEGFA and prognosis in this population supports further evaluation of anti-angiogenic therapies in uterine carcinosarcoma.
- Angiogenesis biomarkers
- Phase II trial
- Refractory uterine carcinosarcoma