Analysis of cyclophosphamide (CP) and its metabolite, 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide (4OHCP), in a single assay has the ability to improve sampling techniques benefitting both the patients who are receiving the drug and the clinicians drawing samples. Due to instability in plasma (t1/2 = 4 min), immediate stabilization of 4OHCP with phenylhydrazine is necessary upon sample draw. After stabilization, 4OHCP and the stable CP prodrug concentrations can be analytically measured to elucidate the pharmacokinetics, including half-life and exposure parameters (Cmax and AUC). For this purpose, a sensitive analytical method was developed to measure both the prodrug and active metabolite. A liquid-liquid extraction recovered the analytes prior to analysis with an ultra HPLC-MS/MS. A Thermo Scientific™ Hypersil™ BDS C18, 2.1 × 100 mm, 3.0 μm column was used for compound separation. Mass transitions for CP (m/z 261.0 ➔ 140.0), the internal standard d4-CP (m/z 265.0 ➔ 140.0), 4OHCP (m/z 367.3 ➔ 147.1), and the internal standard AZD7451 (m/z 383.4 ➔ 341.1) were monitored over a calibration range of 34.24–34,240 ng/mL and 3.424–3424 ng/mL for CP and 4OHCP, respectively. Each calibration range proved accurate (<15% deviation) and precise (<15% RSD) for the desired compound. Using this method, CP and 4OHCP plasma levels can be measured in clinical samples from patients receiving this therapy.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences|
|State||Published - 1 Jun 2018|
- Sickle cell disease
- Tandem mass spectrometry
- Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography