Accumulation of gallium-67 in regions of acute myocardial infarction

Robert J. Kramer, Robert E. Goldstein*, John W. Hirshfeld, William C. Roberts, Gerald S. Johnston, Stephen E. Epstein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


The radionuclide gallium-67 has been shown to accumulate in a variety of inflammatory and neoplastic lesions, thereby permitting Identification of these abnormalities by radioisotope imaging. We have found that 67Ga also accumulates selectively in recently infarcted myocardium. Acute myocardial infarction was induced in dogs by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery, then 67Ga (3 to 4 mc) was injected intravenously. Hearts were removed 24 hours later, and isotope localization was evaluated by an Anger camera and by autoradiography. In five of eight dogs, 67Ga was found to accumulate preferentially in regions of visible infarction. Tissue creatine phosphokinase (CPK), measured in four of the five dogs, was greatly reduced and white blood cell infiltration was intense in the infarcted region. The infarcts of three dogs without preferential 67Ga uptake showed lesser degrees of CPK reduction and white blood cell infiltration. Localization of 67Ga in regions of acute myocardial infarction was also demonstrable by scanning intact, closed chest dogs. Hearts of two animals with transient (20 minutes) ischemia showed neither 67Ga accumulation nor decreased CPK. Thus, 67Ga localization discriminates infarcted from normal or only transiently ischemic myocardium. Unlike potassium and its analogs, 67Ga scanning does not depend on resolution of "cold" areas nor is it likely to introduce ambiguities due to flow limitation of isotope delivery. For these reasons 67Ga may prove particularly useful in the imaging of acute myocardial infarction in man.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-867
Number of pages7
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jun 1974
Externally publishedYes


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