Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) after trauma: Improving incidence, but increasing mortality

George Kasotakis*, Brent Stanfield, Krista Haines, Cory Vatsaas, Amy Alger, Steven N. Vaslef, Kelli Brooks, Suresh Agarwal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is an infrequent, yet morbid inflammatory complication in injury victims. With the current project we sought to estimate trends in incidence, determine outcomes, and identify risk factors for ARDS and related mortality. Materials & methods: The national Trauma Quality Improvement Program dataset (2010–2014) was queried. Demographics, injury characteristics and outcomes were compared between patients who developed ARDS and those who did not. Logistic regression models were fitted for the development of ARDS and mortality respectively, adjusting for relevant confounders. Results: In the studied 808,195 TQIP patients, incidence of ARDS decreased over the study years (3–1.1%, p < 0.001), but related mortality increased (18.–21%, p = 0.001). ARDS patients spent an additional 14.7 ± 10.3 days in the hospital, 9.7 ± 7.9 in the ICU, and 6.6 ± 9.4 on mechanical ventilation (all p < 0.001). Older age, male gender, African American race increased risk for ARDS. Age, male gender, lower GCS and higher ISS also increased mortality risk among ARDS patients. Several pre-existing comorbidities including chronic alcohol use, diabetes, smoking, and respiratory disease also increased risk. Conclusion: Although the incidence of ARDS after trauma appears to be declining, mortality is on the rise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-218
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Critical Care
Volume64
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute lung injury
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • Mortality
  • Trauma quality improvement program
  • Traumatic injury

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