Adapting an Intervention to Improve Acute Myocardial Infarction Care in Tanzania: Co-Design of the MIMIC Intervention

Julian T. Hertz, Kristen Stark, Francis M. Sakita, Jerome J. Mlangi, Godfrey L. Kweka, Sainikitha Prattipati, Frida Shayo, Vivian Kaboigora, Julius Mtui, Manji N. Isack, Esther M. Kindishe, Dotto J. Ngelengi, Alexander T. Limkakeng, Nathan M. Thielman, Gerald S. Bloomfield, Janet P. Bettger, Tumsifu G. Tarimo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Uptake of evidence-based care for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is suboptimal in Tanzania, but there are currently no published interventions to improve AMI care in sub-Saharan Africa. Objectives: Co-design a quality improvement intervention for AMI care tailored to local contextual factors. Methods: An interdisciplinary design team consisting of 20 physicians, nurses, implementation scientists, and administrators met from June 2022 through August 2023. Half of the design team consisted of representatives from the target audience, emergency department physicians and nurses at a referral hospital in northern Tanzania. The design team reviewed multiple published quality improvement interventions focusing on ED-based AMI care. After selecting a multicomponent intervention to improve AMI care in Brazil (BRIDGE-ACS), the design team used the ADAPT-ITT framework to adapt the intervention to the local context. Findings: The design team audited current AMI care processes at the study hospital and reviewed qualitative data regarding barriers to care. Multiple adaptations were made to the original BRIDGE-ACS intervention to suit the local context, including re-designing the physician reminder system and adding patient educational materials. Additional feedback was sought from topical experts, including patients with AMI. Draft intervention materials were iteratively refined in response to feedback from experts and the design team. The finalized intervention, Multicomponent Intervention to Improve Myocardial Infarction Care in Tanzania (MIMIC), consisted of five core components: physician reminders, pocket cards, champions, provider training, and patient education. Conclusion: MIMIC is the first locally tailored intervention to improve AMI care in sub-Saharan Africa. Future studies will evaluate implementation outcomes and efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21
Number of pages1
JournalAnnals of Global Health
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction
  • Co-design
  • Implementation Science
  • quality improvement
  • sub-Saharan Africa

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