Variants of the RNA-editing enzyme ADAR1 cause Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS), in which severe inflammation occurs in the brain due to innate immune activation. Here, we analyze the RNA-editing status and innate immune activation in an AGS mouse model that carries the Adar P195A mutation in the N terminus of the ADAR1 p150 isoform, the equivalent of the P193A human Zα variant causal for disease. This mutation alone can cause interferon-stimulated gene (ISG) expression in the brain, especially in the periventricular areas, reflecting the pathologic feature of AGS. However, in these mice, ISG expression does not correlate with an overall decrease in RNA editing. Rather, the enhanced ISG expression in the brain due to the P195A mutant is dose dependent. Our findings indicate that ADAR1 can regulate innate immune responses through Z-RNA binding without changing overall RNA editing.
- A-to-I RNA editing
- Aicardi-Goutières syndrome
- CP: Immunology
- IFN-stimulated gene
- RNA-sensing signaling pathway
- adenosine deaminase acting on RNA 1
- melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5