Airborne dioxins, furans, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exposure to military personnel in Iraq

Mauro Masiol, Timothy M. Mallon, Kevin M. Haines, Mark J. Utell, Philip K. Hopke*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of this study was to use ambient polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD), and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) concentrations measured at Joint Base Balad in Iraq in 2007 to identify the sources of these species and their spatial patterns. Methods: The ratios of the measured species were compared with literature data for likely emission sources. Using the multiple site measurements on specific days, contour maps have been drawn using inverse distance weighting (IDW). Results: These analyses suggest multiple sources, including the burn pit (primarily a source of PCDD/PCDFs), the transportation field (primarily as source of PAHs), and other sources of PAHs that include aircraft, space heating, and diesel power generation. Conclusions: The nature and locations of the sources were identified. PCDD/PCDFs were emitted by the burn pit. Multiple PAH sources exist across the base.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S22-S30
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume58
Issue number8S
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

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