ALVAC-HIV and AIDSVAX B/E vaccination induce improved immune responses compared with AIDSVAX B/E vaccination alone

RV306, RV328 study groups

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The RV144 phase III vaccine trial demonstrated that ALVAC-HIV and AIDSVAX B/E administration over 6 months resulted in 31% efficacy in preventing HIV acquisition, while administration of AIDSVAX B/E alone in both VAX003 and VAX004 studies failed to show efficacy. In this study, we aimed to understand the impact of ALVAC-HIV on the development of cellular, humoral, and functional immune responses compared to the administration of AIDSVAX B/E alone. ALVAC-HIV in combination with 3 doses of AIDSVAX B/E significantly increased CD4+ HIV-specific T cell responses, polyfunctionality, and proliferation compared with 3 doses of AIDSVAX B/E alone. Additionally, Env-specific plasmablasts and A244-specific memory B cells were identified with a significantly higher magnitude in the group that received ALVAC-HIV. Subsequently, data revealed increased magnitude of plasma IgG binding to and avidity for HIV Env in participants who received ALVAC-HIV compared with 3 doses of AIDSVAX B/E alone. Lastly, levels of the Fc-mediated effector functions antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, NK cell activation, and trogocytosis were significantly increased in participants who received ALVAC-HIV compared with those receiving AIDSVAX B/E alone. Taken together, these results suggest that ALVAC-HIV plays an essential role in developing cellular and humoral immune responses to protein-boosted regimens relative to protein alone.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere167664
JournalJCI Insight
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

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