Study Objectives: The presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in ambulatory surgical patients causes significant perioperative concern; however, few data exist to guide clinicians' management decisions. The objective of this study was to measure changes in perioperative sleep parameters among an ambulatory surgery population. Methods: This study is a prospective, observational study of ambulatory patients undergoing orthopedic surgery on an extremity. Study subjects completed three unattended home sleep apnea tests: baseline before surgery, the first night after surgery (N1), and third night after surgery (N3). Anesthesia and surgical teams were blinded to study participation and patients received routine perioperative care. Results: Two hundred three subjects were enrolled and 166 completed the baseline home sleep test. Sixty-six (40.0%) had OSA at baseline, 35 patients received a new diagnosis, and 31 patients had a previous diagnosis of OSA. Of those with a previous diagnosis, 20 (64.5%) were compliant with continuous positive airway pressure therapy. Respiratory event index and SpO2 nadir did not significantly change postoperatively from baseline. Cumulative percentage of time oxygen saturation < 90% significantly increased N1 as compared to baseline for all patients except for those with moderate to severe OSA. Conclusions: Ambulatory surgery had minimal effect on sleep parameters and there was no increase in adverse events among patients with either treated or untreated OSA.
- Sleep apnea syndromes