Analgesia in Athletes: A Review of Commonly Used Oral and Injectable Modalities

Michael D. Bedrin*, Robert M. Putko, Jonathan F. Dickens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Pain is common among athletes at all levels and the treatment of pain can be a challenging and frustrating task. The team physician needs a fundamental knowledge of analgesic strategies as it relates to athletes. It is important to understand the mechanism of action, side effect profile/associated complications, incidence of and indications for use, as well as the controversies associated with the most common analgesic medications used in sports medicine. Several "in vogue" treatment modalities, including cannabidiol, are also becoming more commonly used and are worth discussion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E71-E76
JournalSports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • CBD
  • analgesia
  • athletes
  • corticosteroid injections
  • local anesthetic injection
  • toradol


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