Androgen receptor mutation (T877A) promotes prostate cancer cell growth and cell survival

C. Sun, Y. Shi, L. L. Xu, C. Nageswararao, L. D. Davis, T. Segawa, A. Dobi, D. G. McLeod, S. Srivastava*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alteration of the AR functions due to amplification, overexpression and somatic mutation of the AR itself or altered interaction of AR with other cell growth regulatory proteins, may contribute to a significant subset of advanced prostate cancer (CaP). Very little is known about the pathways impacted by AR dysfunctions, although CaP associated AR alterations suggest the biological role of the AR dysfunction in disease progression. Comparative evaluations of wild type (wt) AR and mutant (mt) ARs in appropriate experimental models should provide a better understanding of the functional impact of AR alterations in CaP. Here, we provide direct evidence showing cell growth/cell survival promoting effects of the widely studied CaP associated AR mutation (T877A). In contrast to Ad-wtAR or Ad-control infected LNCaP or LAPC4 cells, Ad-mtAR (T877A) infected LNCaP or LAPC4 cells continued to grow in the androgen-deprived medium and exhibited an androgen independent AR-transcription factor activity. Further, Ad-mtAR (T877A) infected LNCaP or LAPC4 cells exhibited enhanced cell growth in the presence of lower concentrations of the synthetic androgen, R1881. Of note, Ad-mtAR (T877A) infected LNCaP cells showed striking resistance to cell growth inhibition/apoptosis mediated by the wt p53. Taken together, these findings provide novel insights into the AR dysfunctions resulting from the T877A mutation and functionally similar AR alterations may provide selective cell growth/survival advantage for CaP progression. These observations have important implications for developing biology-based prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic strategies for CaP showing such AR dysfunctions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3905-3913
Number of pages9
JournalOncogene
Volume25
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Androgen receptor
  • Cell apoptosis
  • Cell proliferation
  • Mutation
  • Prostate cancer
  • p53

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