Angiogenesis inhibitors in the treatment of prostate cancer

Paul G. Kluetz, William D. Figg, William L. Dahut

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Importance of the field: Prostate carcinoma is the most common non-cutaneous malignancy in U.S. men. The efficacy of docetaxel and prednisone in metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) has been shown to improve overall survival; however, its effect is not durable, highlighting the need for new therapies. Areas covered in this review: We will review the development of some of the leading compounds with direct and indirect antiangiogenic activity in prostate cancer including antibodies to VEGF and its receptors, small-molecule inhibitors of downstream signaling, immunomodulatory drugs with antiangiogenic activity, and compounds thought to directly inhibit or destroy vascular endothelial cells. What the reader will gain: The reader will gain a basic understanding of the role of angiogenesis in prostate cancer growth and metastasis. Current and potential targets of angiogenesis and their corresponding drugs under development for prostate cancer are discussed. Take home message: There are now multiple early-phase clinical trials of antiangiogenic agents alone or in combination in prostate cancer. Several of these agents are now in Phase III development. Combined therapy with two antiangiogenic compounds may improve the activity of either compound alone. Multiple targets in the angiogenesis pathway continue to be elucidated and should remain an active area of investigation for the treatment of prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-247
Number of pages15
JournalExpert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Bevacizumab
  • Lenalidomide
  • Metronomic
  • Prostate
  • Thalidomide

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