Antibiotics for UTI Prevention After Intradetrusor OnabotulinumtoxinA Injections

Christopher W. Heuer, Jordan D. Gisseman, Christine M. Vaccaro, Cara H. Olsen, Alissa C. Galgano, Katherine L. Dengler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


IMPORTANCE: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur in 8.6% to 48.1% of patients after intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA injections. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate both choice and duration of antibiotic prophylaxis on the incidence of UTI within 30 days after in-office onabotulinumtoxinA injections. STUDY DESIGN: We included a single-site, retrospective cohort of 305 patients with overactive bladder or bladder pain syndrome receiving postprocedure prophylactic antibiotics for in-office, 100-unit intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA injections from 2019 to 2023. Categories of antibiotic prophylaxis compared included (1) nitrofurantoin 100 mg twice daily for 3 days, (2) nitrofurantoin 100 mg twice daily for 5 days, (3) trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole 160 mg/800 mg twice daily for 3 days, and (4) "other regimens." Primary outcome was incidence of UTI within 30 days. Variables were compared via χ2 test. Crude/adjusted odds were estimated using binary logistic regression. RESULTS: Incidence of UTI was 10.4% for 3-day nitrofurantoin, 20.5% for 5-day nitrofurantoin, 7.4% for 3-day trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and 25.7% among "other regimens" (P = 0.023). Differences among primary regimens were substantial but not statistically significant: 3-day trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole had 31% lower odds of UTI versus 3-day nitrofurantoin (odds ratio [OR], 0.689; P = 0.518). Compared with 3-day nitrofurantoin regimen, the 5-day nitrofurantoin regimen had twice the odds of UTI (OR, 2.22; P = 0.088). Those receiving "other regimens" had nearly 3 times the odds of UTI (OR, 2.98; P = 0.018). Results were similar adjusting for age and race. Overall urinary retention rate was 1.97%. CONCLUSIONS: Prophylactic antibiotic choice and duration of treatment potentially affect UTI incidence after in-office, intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA injections. Nitrofurantoin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for 3 days have the lowest UTI incidence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-279
Number of pages8
JournalUrogynecology (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2024
Externally publishedYes


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