Antigenicity and immunogenicity of RV144 vaccine AIDSVAX clade E envelope immunogen is enhanced by a gp120 N-terminal deletion

Munir S. Alam*, Hua Xin Liao, Georgia D. Tomaras, Mattia Bonsignori, Chun Yen Tsao, Kwan Ki Hwang, Haiyan Chen, E. Lloyd Krissey E., Cindy Bowman, Laura Sutherland, Thomas L. Jeffries, Daniel M. Kozink, Shelley Stewart, Kara Anasti, Frederick H. Jaeger, Robert Parks, Nicole L. Yates, Glenn R. Overman, Faruk Sinangil, Phillip W. BermanPunnee Pitisuttithum, Jaranit Kaewkungwal, Sorachai Nitayaphan, Nicos Karasavva, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Jerome H. Kim, Nelson L. Michael, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Sampa Santra, Norman L. Letvin, Stephen C. Harrison, Barton F. Haynes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


An immune correlates analysis of the RV144 HIV-1 vaccine trial revealed that antibody responses to the gp120 V1/V2 region correlated inversely with infection risk. The RV144 protein immunogens (A244-rp120 and MN-rgp120) were modified by an N-terminal 11-amino-acid deletion (δ11) and addition of a herpes simplex virus (HSV) gD protein-derived tag (gD). We investigated the effects of these modifications on gp120 expression, antigenicity, and immunogenicity by comparing unmodified A244 gp120 with both δ11 deletion and gD tag and with δ11 only. Analysis of A244 gp120, with or without δ11 or gD, demonstrated that the δ11 deletion, without the addition of gD, was sufficient for enhanced antigenicity to gp120 C1 region, conformational V2, and V1/V2 gp120 conformational epitopes. RV144 vaccinee serum IgGs bound more avidly to A244 gp120 δ11 than to the unmodified gp120, and their binding was blocked by C1, V2, and V1/V2 antibodies. Rhesus macaques immunized with the three different forms of A244 gp120 proteins gave similar levels of gp120 antibody titers, although higher antibody titers developed earlier in A244 δ11 gp120-immunized animals. Conformational V1/V2 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) gave significantly higher levels of blocking of plasma IgG from A244 δ11 gp120-immunized animals than IgG from animals immunized with unmodified A244 gp120, thus indicating a qualitative difference in the V1/V2 antibodies induced by A244 δ11 gp120. These results demonstrate that deletion of N-terminal residues in the RV144 A244 gp120 immunogen improves both envelope antigenicity and immunogenicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1554-1568
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Virology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes


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