APDS Consensus Statement: Ideal Senior Medical Student Experiences for Preparedness for General Surgery Internship

Jennifer LaFemina*, Vanita Ahuja, Adnan Alseidi, Marcus Balters, Karen Brasel, Clarence Clark, Keith A. Delman, David Farley, Brenessa Lindeman, Daniel Relles, Mohsen Shabahang, Vance Sohn, David Harrington

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: Guide optimal standards on ideal senior medical student experiences for preparedness for general surgery internship DESIGN: Work product of task force, approved by the Association of Program Directors in Surgery CONCLUSION: General surgery rotations should mirror the learning and working environment of a surgical intern. Opportunities should mimic the next phase of learning to help guide informed decisions regarding entrustability for entry into residency training. These opportunities will also help identify students who may have an aptitude for pursuing a general surgery internship. Students should achieve entrustability in Association of American Medical Colleges Core Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs); curricula should align Core EPAs and modified American Board of Surgery EPAs to guide essential general surgery components. Experiences should include required night, holiday, and/or weekend shifts, a dedicated critical care experience, and a resident preparatory curriculum focusing on nontechnical and essential technical skills. We encourage the opportunity for additional surgical mentorship and subspecialty experience through Surgical Interest Groups or Surgical Honors or Specialty Tracks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-75
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Entrustable professional activities
  • Graduate medical education
  • Onboarding
  • Surgery internship
  • Undergraduate medical education


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