Over the past 5 years, robotic systems that combine advanced endoscopic imaging with computer-enhanced instrument control have been used for both coronary revascularization and intracardiac procedures in adults. In addition, endoscope positioning systems and articulated instruments with a robotic wrist mechanism have further expanded the potential applications for robotics in cardiac surgery. In pediatric cardiac surgery, potential applications can be divided into simple scope manipulation versus the use of 3-dimensional imaging and a robotic wrist for dissection and reconstruction. A voice-controlled robotic arm for scope manipulation can facilitate current pediatric thoracoscopic procedures such as ligation of patent ductus arteriosus and division of vascular rings. By using an advanced imaging system along with a robotic wrist, more complex extracardiac and even intracardiac procedures can be performed in children. Examples include coarctation repair, septal defect repair, and mitral or tricuspid valvuloplasty. Furthermore, with adequate intracardiac imaging, a robot-assisted off-pump approach to intracardiac pathology is conceivable. New real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography now offers sufficient resolution to enable such procedures, while the addition of instrument tracking, haptic feedback, and novel tissue fixation devices can facilitate safe and reliable intracardiac repair without extracorporeal circulation.