Applying Pharmacogenomic Guidelines to Combat Medical Care

Jesse DeLuca*, Thomas Oliver, Chad Hulsopple, Daniel Selig, Elaine Por, Clesson Turner, Lydia Hellwig, Jeffrey Livezey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Pharmacogenomics is a pillar of personalized medicine that has the potential to deliver optimized treatment in many medical settings. Military medicine in the deployed setting is unique and therefore warrants separate assessment pertaining to its potential capabilities and impact. Pharmacogenomics for United States Active Duty Service Members medical care in the deployed setting has not, to our knowledge, been previously reviewed. We present potential applications of pharmacogenomics to forward medical care through two comprehensive references for deployed medical care, the Tactical Combat Casualty Care Guidelines (TCCC) and Emergency War Surgery (EWS) fifth edition. All drugs within the deployment manuals, TCCC guidelines and EWS book, were identified and the list was cross-referenced to the Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium guidelines and genes–drugs interactions list as well as the Food and Drug Administration Table of Pharmacogenomics Biomarkers in Drug Labeling. Ten pharmacologic categories were identified, consisting of 15 drugs, along with the classes, aminogylcosides, beta-blockers, and volatile anesthetics. Drugs and pharmacogenomics liabilities were tabulated. Eight specific drugs or classes are expounded upon given the belief of the authors of their potential for impacting future treatment on the battlefield in the setting of prolonged field care. This review outlines several genes with liabilities in the prolonged field care setting and areas that may produce improved care with further study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-24
Number of pages7
JournalMilitary Medicine
Issue numberSuppl 1
StatePublished - 2021


  • Emergency Medical Services
  • Humans
  • Military Medicine
  • Patient Care
  • Pharmacogenetics
  • United States


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