Assessing the effect of triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate on tissue repair in 3D organotypic cultures

Elise K. Tigani, Drago Skrtic, Michael S. Valerio, Gili Kaufman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Leachables from dental restoratives induce toxicity in gingival and pulp tissues and affect tissue regeneration/healing. Appropriate testing of these materials requires a platform that mimics the in vivo environment and allows the architectural self-assembly of cells into tissue constructs. In this study, we employ a new 3D model to assess the impact of triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) on early organization and advanced recruitment/accumulation of immortalized mouse gingival fibroblasts (GFs) and dental papilla mesenchymal cells (DPMCs) in extracellular matrix. We hypothesize that TEGDMA (1) interferes with the developmental architecture of GFs and DPMCs, and (2) inhibits the deposition of mineral. To test these hypotheses, GFs and DPMCs were incubated with the soluble TEGDMA at concentrations (0-2.5) mmol/L. Diameter and thickness of the constructs were determined by microscopic analysis. Cell differentiation was assessed by immunocytochemistry and the secreted mineral detected by alizarin-red staining. TEGDMA interfered with the development of GFs and/or DPMCs microtissues in a dose-dependent manner by inhibiting growth of inter-spherical cell layers and decreasing spheroid size (four to six times). At low/moderate TEGDMA levels, GFs organoids retained their structures while reducing thickness up to 21%. In contrast, at low TEGDMA doses, architecture of DPMC organoids was altered and thickness decreased almost twofold. Overall, developmental ability of TEGDMA-exposed GFs and DPMCs depended on TEGDMA level. GFs constructs were more resistant to structural modifications. The employed 3D platform was proven as an efficient tool for quantifying the effects of leachables on tissue repair capacities of gingiva and dental pulp.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-259
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Toxicology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • cytotoxicity
  • dental papilla mesenchymal cells
  • dose-response
  • gingival fibroblasts
  • mineral deposition
  • organotypic cultures
  • regeneration
  • triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate


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