Association of TP53 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms with Prostate Cancer in a Racially Diverse Cohort of Men

Allison Duncan, Darryl Nousome, Randy Ricks, Huai Ching Kuo, Lakshmi Ravindranath, Albert Dobi, Jennifer Cullen, Shiv Srivastava, Gregory T. Chesnut, Gyorgy Petrovics, Indu Kohaar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Growing evidence indicates the involvement of a genetic component in prostate cancer (CaP) susceptibility and clinical severity. Studies have reported the role of germline mutations and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TP53 as possible risk factors for cancer development. In this single institutional retrospective study, we identified common SNPs in the TP53 gene in AA and CA men and performed association analyses for functional TP53 SNPs with the clinico-pathological features of CaP. The SNP genotyping analysis of the final cohort of 308 men (212 AA; 95 CA) identified 74 SNPs in the TP53 region, with a minor allele frequency (MAF) of at least 1%. Two SNPs were non-synonymous in the exonic region of TP53: rs1800371 (Pro47Ser) and rs1042522 (Arg72Pro). The Pro47Ser variant had an MAF of 0.01 in AA but was not detected in CA. Arg72Pro was the most common SNP, with an MAF of 0.50 (0.41 in AA; 0.68 in CA). Arg72Pro was associated with a shorter time to biochemical recurrence (BCR) (p = 0.046; HR = 1.52). The study demonstrated ancestral differences in the allele frequencies of the TP53 Arg72Pro and Pro47Ser SNPs, providing a valuable framework for evaluating CaP disparities among AA and CA men.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1404
JournalBiomedicines
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • African American
  • Arg72Pro
  • Pro47Ser
  • SNP
  • TP53
  • medical disparity
  • prostate cancer
  • single nucleotide polymorphism

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