Associations between Cigarette Smoking and Health-Related Quality of Life in Adult Survivors of Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer

Godfred O. Antwi*, David K. Lohrmann, Wasantha Jayawardene, Angela Chow, Cecilia S. Obeng, Aaron M. Sayegh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This cross-sectional, secondary data analysis examines the association between cigarette smoking and self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adult survivors of Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer. Pooled data for survivors of Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer (N = 1495) were drawn from the 2016 and 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. Binary logistic regression models were utilized to examine independent associations between each of the four HRQoL domains (i.e., self-related general health, activity limitation days, poor physical, and mental health days) and cigarette smoking. Of the 1495 Adolescent and Young Adult Onset Cancer Survivors (AYAO-CS) in this study, approximately 30% reported currently smoking cigarettes. Relative to never smokers, the odds of reporting fair/poor general health were significantly higher for current and former smokers: (OR = 3.95, 95% CI: 2.08–7.50) and (OR = 2.51, 95% CI: 1.46–4.32), respectively. Likewise, current smokers were significantly more likely to report frequent days of poor physical health (OR = 2.79, 95% CI: 1.38–5.65). The study findings suggest a significant cross-sectional association between cigarette smoking and poor health-related quality of life in adult survivors of adolescent and young adult cancer. These findings, although cross-sectional, underscore the need for prospective studies to examine the longitudinal association between HRQoL and cigarette smoking among cancer survivors. Findings also help establish both the need for smoking cessation programs and the importance of effective strategies for addressing HRQoL issues among cancer survivors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)508-516
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cancer Education
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cancer survivors
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Health-related quality of life (HRQoL)

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