Background. This phase 3 trial assessed AZD7442 (tixagevimab/cilgavimab) for post-exposure prophylaxis against symptomatic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods. Adults without prior severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection or COVID-19 vaccination were enrolled within 8 days of exposure to a SARS-CoV-2-infected individual and randomized 2:1 to a single 300-mg AZD7442 dose (one 1.5-mL intramuscular injection each of tixagevimab and cilgavimab) or placebo. Primary end points were safety and first post-dose SARS-CoV-2 reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)-positive symptomatic COVID-19 event before day 183. Results. A total of 1121 participants were randomized and dosed (AZD7442, n=749; placebo, n=372). Median (range) follow-up was 49 (5-115) and 48 (20-113) days for AZD7442 and placebo, respectively. Adverse events occurred in 162 of 749 (21.6%) and 111 of 372 (29.8%) participants with AZD7442 and placebo, respectively, mostly mild/moderate. RT-PCR-positive symptomatic COVID-19 occurred in 23 of 749 (3.1%) and 17 of 372 (4.6%) AZD7442- and placebo-treated participants, respectively (relative risk reduction, 33.3%; 95% confidence interval [CI], -25.9 to 64.7; P=.21). In predefined subgroup analyses of 1073 (96%) participants who were SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR-negative (n=974, 87%) or missing an RT-PCR result (n=99, 9%) at baseline, AZD7442 reduced RT-PCR-positive symptomatic COVID-19 by 73.2% (95% CI, 27.1 to 90.1) vs placebo. Conclusions. This study did not meet the primary efficacy end point of post-exposure prevention of symptomatic COVID-19. However, analysis of participants who were SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR-negative or missing an RT-PCR result at baseline support a role for AZD7442 in preventing symptomatic COVID-19.
- monoclonal antibodies
- post-exposure prophylaxis