Results from archived (1986 and 1996) experiments were used to establish a baboon radiation-quality dose-response database with haematology biomarker time-course data following exposure to mixed-fields (i.e. neutron to gamma ratio: 5.5; dose: 0-8 Gy) and 60Co gamma-ray exposures (0-15 Gy). Time-course (i.e. 0-40 d) haematology changes for relevant blood-cell types for both mixed-field (neutron to gamma ratio = 5.5) and gamma ray alone were compared and models developed that showed significant differences using the maximum likehood ratio test. A consensus METREPOL-like haematology ARS (H-ARS) severity scoring system for baboons was established using these results. The data for mixed-field and the gamma only cohorts appeared similar, and so the cohorts were pooled into a single consensus H-ARS severity scoring system. These findings provide proof-of-concept for the use of a METREPOL H-ARS severity scoring system following mixed-field and gamma exposures.