BMP9 stimulates joint regeneration at digit amputation wounds in mice

Ling Yu, Lindsay A. Dawson, Mingquan Yan, Katherine Zimmel, Yu Lieh Lin, Connor P. Dolan, Manjong Han, Ken Muneoka*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


A major goal of regenerative medicine is to stimulate tissue regeneration after traumatic injury. We previously discovered that treating digit amputation wounds with BMP2 in neonatal mice stimulates endochondral ossification to regenerate the stump bone. Here we show that treating the amputation wound with BMP9 stimulates regeneration of a synovial joint that forms an articulation with the stump bone. Regenerated structures include a skeletal element lined with articular cartilage and a synovial cavity, and we demonstrate that this response requires the Prg4 gene. Combining BMP2 and BMP9 treatments in sequence stimulates the regeneration of bone and joint. These studies provide evidence that treatment of growth factors can be used to engineer a regeneration response from a non-regenerating amputation wound.

Original languageEnglish
Article number424
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes


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