While brain oxygen tension (PbtO 2) monitoring is an important parameter for evaluating injury severity and therapeutic efficiency in severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients, many factors affect the monitoring. The goal of this study was to identify the effects of FiO 2 (fraction of inspired oxygen) on PbtO 2 in uninjured anesthetized rats and measure the changes in PbtO 2 following penetrating ballistic-like brain injury (PBBI). Continuous PbtO 2 monitoring in uninjured anesthetized rats showed that PbtO 2 response was positively correlated with FiO 2 (0.21-0.35) but PbtO 2 remained stable when FiO 2 was maintained at ∼0.26. Importantly, although increasing FiO 2 from 0.21 to 0.35 improved P aO 2, it concomitantly reduced pH levels and elevated P aCO 2 values out of the normal range. However, when the FiO 2 was maintained between 0.26 and 0.30, the pH and P aO 2 levels remained within the normal or clinically acceptable range. In PBBI rats, PbtO 2 was significantly reduced by ∼40% (16.9±1.2mmHg) in the peri-lesional region immediately following unilateral, frontal 10% PBBI compared to sham rats (28.6±1.7mmHg; mean±SEM, p<0.05) and the PBBI-induced reductions in PbtO 2 were sustained for at least 150min post-PBBI. Collectively, these results demonstrate that FiO 2 affects PbtO 2 and that PBBI produces acute and sustained hypoxia in the peri-lesional region of the brain injury. This study provides important information for the management of PbtO 2 monitoring in this brain injury model and may offer insight for therapeutic strategies targeted to improve the hypoxia/ischemia state in the penetrating-type brain injury.
- Brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2)
- Fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2)
- Penetrating ballistic-like brain injury (PBBI)
- Traumatic brain injury (TBI)