Bulimic symptoms in undergraduate men and women: Contributions of mindfulness and thought suppression

Jason M. Lavender*, Bianca F. Jardin, Drew A. Anderson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

Experiential avoidance, the refusal to accept contact with unpleasant private experiences, is believed to play a role in the onset and maintenance of eating disorders. Preliminary evidence suggests that mindfulness- and acceptance-based interventions that reduce avoidance may be effective in treating disordered eating behaviors. The purpose of the current investigation was to examine whether one form of experiential avoidance (thought suppression) and the theoretically opposing construct of dispositional mindfulness are associated with bulimic symptoms. Undergraduate men (n = 219) and women (n = 187) completed questionnaires assessing mindful attention and awareness, chronic thought suppression, and bulimic symptoms. A series of hierarchical regression analyses revealed that thought suppression and mindfulness accounted for unique variance in bulimic symptoms among men and women after accounting for BMI. Results are discussed in terms of the role of dispositional mindfulness and thought suppression in disordered eating.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-231
Number of pages4
JournalEating Behaviors
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bulimic symptoms
  • Disordered eating
  • Emotion regulation
  • Experiential avoidance
  • Mindfulness
  • Thought suppression

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