Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) have been identified in the burn wound, however their characterization is incomplete. To study this, mice were subjected to a major burn and skin cells were isolated 3 days thereafter for analysis. Significant infiltration of the burn wound with MDSCs was observed as compared with uninjured skin. The skin of naïve mice did not contain MDSCs. Characterization of the cells showed that 33% of MDSCs in the wound were monocytic (M)-MDSCs, which was significantly less than that found in uninjured skin (52%). In contrast, polymorphonuclear (PMN)-MDSCs were greater in the burn wound as compared with uninjured skin. Burn wound TLR expression by both MDSCs subsets was decreased as compared with uninjured skin. Wound MDSCs produced pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and iNOS was present in both MDSC subsets, whereas ARG1 was only present in M-MDSCs. In conclusion, both M- and PMN-MDSCs infiltrate burn wound with after injury, however, they displayed decreased TLR expression, suggesting receptor down-regulation.
- Toll-like receptors