Introduction: The therapeutic benefit of performing a lymph node dissection (LND) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has been controversial. In prior studies, it was thought that a low event rate for nodal metastases affected the ability to draw any conclusions. Here, we opted to select patients that had low burden 1 or 2 nodes positive to study survival outcomes and recurrence patterns based on limited LND or extended LND with a template retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND). Methods: We used our single institutional database from 2000 and 2019 and identified 45 patients that had only 1 or 2 nodes positive on final pathology without any other systemic disease. These patients all underwent nephrectomy with limited LND or a template RPLND on the ipsilateral side. Results: We identified 23 patients in the limited LND and 22 in the template RPLND group. Thirty-one patients included in the study had 1 positive lymph node and 14 patients had 2 positive lymph nodes. For patients undergoing a limited LND, a median 4 (IQR 1–11) lymph nodes were resected and for those undergoing template RPLND, 18 (IQR: 13–23) lymph nodes were resected. On Kaplan-Meier analysis, a difference was noted in overall survival (P = 0.04) when comparing limited LND to template RPLND. We also mapped out patterns of recurrence and found that 6 patients had retroperitoneal lymph node recurrences after a limited LND in the ipsilateral node packet. On univariate analysis, pathologic stage was a major factor for survival, but did not remain as significant with the inclusion of template RPLND status and Charlson Comorbidity Index in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: We identified specific patients that had RCC with limited lymph node involvement. We found that a select number of patients had durable improvement in survival outcomes with template RPLND. In examining the recurrence patterns, a greater number of patients may have derived benefit for an initial template RPLND.
|Journal||Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations|
|State||Published - Nov 2022|
- Node Positive Renal Cell Carcinoma
- Renal Cell Carcinoma
- Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection