Care of the College Student

Brian K Unwin, Jeffrey Goodie, Brian V Reamy, Jeffrey D Quinlan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Approximately 19 million students attend college in the United States. Although they are generally healthy, about 20% of youth have special health care needs, including asthma, diabetes mellitus, and learning, mental health, and substance use disorders. Physicians can facilitate the transition of a youth to an adult model of health care by using structured processes to orient the youth to self-care before entry into college. Stimulant medications are effective for treatment of students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, but physicians should monitor for signs of drug diversion. Learning disorders may manifest with emotional or physical symptoms and are managed in a multidisciplinary fashion. Depression, anxiety, sleep problems, and posttraumatic stress and eating disorders are common in this population and can affect school performance. Screening and/or interventions for obesity, depression, anxiety, violence, nicotine use, and substance use are effective. Immunizations for influenza, human papillomavirus, meningococcus, and pertussis are crucial in this high-risk population. Lesbian, bisexual, gay, transgender, and queer students have unique health care needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-151
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Family Physician
Volume104
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Delivery of Health Care/methods
  • Humans
  • Mental Health
  • Students/psychology
  • United States

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