A major goal of proteomics is to develop the methods that enable the systematic characterization of every protein within the cell or particular subcellular proteome using a single analytical platform. Although the equivalent has already been achieved in genomics, reaching this goal in proteomics represents a much greater challenge due to the wide dynamic range of protein expression, numerous post-translational modifications and remarkable physicochemical heterogeneity of proteins. A major analytical challenge has involved developing more effective means for proteome-scale investigations of membrane proteins, whose solubility differs drastically from that of cytoplasmic proteins. Fortunately, rapid progress has increased the ability to characterize this critically important class of proteins on a scale analogous to that of acqueous soluble proteins.
- Isotopic labeling
- Mass spectrometry
- Membrane proteomics
- Multidimensional fractionation