Characterization of Anopheles darlingi (Diptera: Culicidae) Larval Habitats in Belize, Central America

Sylvie Manguin*, Donald R. Roberts, Richard G. Andre, Eliska Rejmankova, Shilpa Hakre

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


Surveys for larvae of Anopheles darlingi Root were conducted in April, May, and August 1994 in riverine habitats of central Belize (Cayo and Belize districts). An. darlingi was present during both the dry and wet seasons. Larvae were encountered most frequently in patches of floating debris along river margins. The floating mats were often formed by bamboo hanging over the banks and dense submersed bamboo roots. Larvae were found less frequently in lake margins, small lagoons, and ground pools with submersed roots and patches of floating leaves or vegetation. In addition to their association with floating debris, larvae of An. darlingi were associated positively with shade and submersed plants in riverine environments. Samples from river habitats showed the larvae of Anopheles albimanus Wiedemann to be strongly associated with sun-exposed sites containing green or blue-green algae. Unlike An. darlingi, An. albimanus was an ubiquitous mosquito, the immatures of which occurred in a wide variety of riverine and nonriverine aquatic habitats. Based on published reports and our experience, the association of An. darlingi with river systems was verified, and its distribution in Central America and Mexico was mapped.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-211
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Medical Entomology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Anopheles albimanus
  • Anopheles darlingi
  • Belize
  • Distribution
  • Larval habitats
  • Malaria vectors


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