Characterization of bone-implant fixation using modal analysis: Application to a press-fit implant model

P. Swider*, G. Guérin, Joergen Baas, Kjeld Søballe, Joan E. Bechtold

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Orthopaedic implant fixation is strongly dependant upon the effective mechanical properties of newly formed tissue. In this study, we evaluated the potential of modal analysis to derive viscoelastic properties of periprosthetic tissue. We hypothesized that Young's modulus and loss factor could be obtained by a combined theoretical, computational and experimental modal analysis approach. This procedure was applied to ex vivo specimens from a cylindrical experimental implant placed in cancellous bone in an unloaded press-fit configuration, obtained after a four week observation period. Four sections each from seven textured titanium implants were investigated. The first resonant frequency and loss factor were measured. Average experimentally determined loss factor was 2% (SD 0.4%) and average first resonant frequency was 2.1 KHz (SD: 50). A 2D axisymmetric finite element (FE) model identified effective Young's modulus of tissue using experimental resonant frequencies as input. Average value was 42 MPa (SD: 2.4) and no significant difference between specimens was observed. In this pilot study, the non-destructive method allowed accurate measure of dynamic loss factor and resonant frequency and derivation of effective Young's modulus. Prior to implementing this dynamic protocol for broader mechanical evaluation of experimental implant fixation, further work is needed to determine if this affects results from subsequent destructive shear push-out tests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1643-1649
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Issue number11
StatePublished - 7 Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Bone viscoelasticity
  • Dynamics
  • Finite Element Method
  • Implant fixation
  • Modal analysis


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