The majority of prostate epithelial cell lines stably expressing wild-type (wt) or mutant (mt) androgen receptor (AR) are derived from metastatic prostate cancers. Therefore, the wt AR-expressing RC-165N/ human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) cell line derived from the benign prostate tissue of an African-American patient provides a unique opportunity to assess the functional status of AR in a cellular context not studied before. Although androgen-induced expression of known androgen responsive genes such as PMEPA1, and NDRG1 was observed in RC-165N/hTERT, this cell line expresses prostate-specific antigen (PSA) at significantly lower levels. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay revealed androgen-dependent binding of AR to androgen response elements of PSA, PMEPA1 and NDRG1 genes. Similarities, as well as differences were noted in the expression of androgen responsive genes between RC-165N/hTERT and LNCaP cells. Comprehensive evaluations of AR functions in RC-165N/hTERT cells suggest that whereas some features of known AR functions are maintained in this benign prostatic tissue-derived cell line, other AR functions are not retained. Objective evaluations of similar cell lines will lead to the understanding of AR functions in prostate growth and differentiation.