Circulatory effects of PAF-acether in newborn piglets

L. M. Bradley, R. E. Goldstein, G. Feuerstein, J. F. Czaja

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24 Scopus citations


Platelet-activating factor (PAF-acether) is a lipid mediator that can exhibit potent vasoconstrictor influence in the pulmonary vessels. Therefore, the release of PAF-acether during inflammatory conditions in newborns might cause deleterious increases in pulmonary vascular tone. Thirty-four anesthetized open-chest newborn piglets were given 0.01-1 nmol PAF-acether i.v. In separate experiments, animals were untreated or treated with either indomethacin (a cyclooxygenase inhibitor), SQ 29548 (a thromboxane receptor blocker), or LY 171883 (a leukotriene receptor blocker). The primary hemodynamic change was a 67 to 1,537% increase in the pulmonary vascular resistance index (PVRI) (P < 0.01): mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) rose significantly at all doses tested, whereas only the largest dose consistently decreased cardiac index. Treatment with indomethacin or SQ 29548 prevented the decrease in cardiac index and attenuated the PAF-acether-induced rises in PAP and PVRI. Vehicle and LY 171883 had no effect. The inhibitory influence of indomethacin and SQ 29548 suggests that an important component of PAF-acether's pulmonary vasoconstrictor action is mediated (at least in the newborn piglet) by cyclooxygenase products, most likely thromboxane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25/1
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes


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