Clinical evaluation of the potential utility of computational modeling as an HIV treatment selection tool by physicians with considerable HIV experience

Brendan A. Larder, Andrew Revell*, Joann M. Mican, Brian K. Agan, Marianne Harris, Carlo Torti, Ilaria Izzo, Julia A. Metcalf, Migdalia Rivera-Goba, Vincent C. Marconi, Dechao Wang, Daniel Coe, Brian Gazzard, Julio Montaner, H. Clifford Lane

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The HIV Resistance Response Database Initiative (RDI), which comprises a small research team in the United Kingdom and collaborating clinical centers in more than 15 countries, has used antiretroviral treatment and response data from thousands of patients around the world to develop computational models that are highly predictive of virologic response. The potential utility of such models as a tool for assisting treatment selection was assessed in two clinical pilot studies: a prospective study in Canada and Italy, which was terminated early because of the availability of new drugs not covered by the system, and a retrospective study in the United States. For these studies, a Web-based user interface was constructed to provide access to the models. Participating physicians entered baseline data for cases of treatment failure and then registered their treatment intention. They then received a report listing the five alternative regimens that the models predicted would be most effective plus their own selection, ranked in order of predicted virologic response. The physicians then entered their final treatment decision. Twenty-three physicians entered 114 cases (75 unique cases with 39 entered twice by different physicians). Overall, 33% of treatment decisions were changed following review of the report. The final treatment decisions and the best of the RDI alternatives were predicted to produce greater virologic responses and involve fewer drugs than the original selections. Most physicians found the system easy to use and understand. All but one indicated they would use the system if it were available, particularly for highly treatment-experienced cases with challenging resistance profiles. Despite limitations, the first clinical evaluation of this approach by physicians with substantial HIV-experience suggests that it has the potential to deliver clinical and economic benefits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-36
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS Patient Care and STDs
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2011


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