Background: Never frozen liquid plasma (LP) has limited shelf life versus fresh frozen plasma (FFP) or plasma frozen within 24 h (PF24). Previous studies showed decreasing factor activities after Day (D)14 in thawed FFP but no differences between LP and FFP until D10. This study examined LP function through D40. Study design and methods: FFP and PF24 were stored at −20°C until assaying. LP was assayed on D5 then stored (4°C) for testing through D40. A clinical coagulation analyzer measured Factor (F)V, FVIII, fibrinogen, prothrombin time (PT), and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). Thromboelastography (TEG) and thrombogram measured functional coagulation. Ristocetin cofactor assay quantified von Willebrand factor (vWF) activity. Residual platelets were counted. Results: FV/FVIII showed diminished activity over time in LP, while PT and aPTT both increased over time. LP vWF declined significantly by D7. Fibrinogen remained high through D40. Thrombin lagtime was delayed in LP but consistent to D40, while peak thrombin was significantly lower in LP but did not significantly decline over time. TEG R-time and angle remained constant. LP and PF24 (with residual platelets) had initially higher TEG maximum amplitudes (MA), but by D14 LP was similar to FFP. Conclusion: Despite significant declines in some factors in D40 LP, fibrinogen concentration and TEG MA were stable suggesting stored LP provides fibrinogen similarly to frozen plasmas even at D40. LP is easier to store and prepare for prehospital transfusion, important benefits when the alternative is crystalloid.
- liquid plasma
- long term storage