Colon Cancer Lymph Node Evaluation Among Military Health System Beneficiaries: An Analysis by Race/Ethnicity

Abegail A. Gill, Shelia H. Zahm, Craig D. Shriver, Alexander Stojadinovic, Katherine A. McGlynn, Kangmin Zhu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Results: No overall racial/ethnic differences in the number of lymph nodes examined was identified. Further stratified analyses yielded similar results, except potential racial/ethnic differences were found among persons with poorly differentiated tumors, where non-Hispanic Blacks tended to be less likely to have ≥12 lymph nodes dissected (odds ratio 0.34; 95 % confidence interval 0.14–0.80; p = 0.01) compared with non-Hispanic Whites.

Conclusion: Racial/ethnic disparities in the number of lymph nodes evaluated among patients with colon cancer were not apparent in an equal-access healthcare system. However, among poorly differentiated tumors there might be racial/ethnic differences in nodal yield, suggesting the possible effects of factors other than access to healthcare.

Background: The number of lymph nodes examined during colon cancer surgery falls below nationally recommended guidelines in the general population, with Blacks and Hispanics less likely to have adequate nodal evaluation in comparison to Whites. The Department of Defense’s (DoD) Military Health System (MHS) provides equal access to medical care for its beneficiaries, regardless of racial/ethnic background. This study aimed to investigate whether racial/ethnic treatment differences exist in the MHS, an equal-access medical care system.

Methods: Linked data from the DoD cancer registry and administrative claims databases were used and included 2,155 colon cancer cases. Multivariate logistic regression assessed the association between race/ethnicity and the number of lymph nodes examined (<12 and ≥12) overall and for stratified analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-202
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


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