Objective: Although the taxanes represent the most active agents for the first-line treatment of metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC), most patients eventually progress while receiving taxane-based treatments. No agents are approved for second-line therapy in HRPC, but common standard practice for the oncologists is to treat patients also after docetaxel failure. Methods: Twenty highly pretreated patients with HRPC received bevacizumab (10 mg/kg) and docetaxel (60 mg/m2) every 3 wk. All patients had bone metastases and eight had measurable lesions. Results: Eleven patients (55%) had major prostate-specific antigen (PSA) responses, and 3 (37.5%) had objective responses. Seven major PSA responses were recorded in the same patients who had reported a >50% PSA decrease after first-line docetaxel. However, four major PSA responses were observed in patients previously nonresponsive to docetaxel alone. The treatment was well tolerated. Conclusions: Our results show that the combination of bevacizumab and docetaxel is active and well tolerated. Continued investigation of bevacizumab with cytotoxic chemotherapy is warranted in HRPC.
- Hormone-refractory prostate cancer