Combining epidemiologic and biostatistical tools to enhance variable selection in HIV cohort analyses

Christopher Rentsch, Ionut Bebu, Jodie L. Guest, David Rimland, Brian K. Agan, Vincent Marconi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: Variable selection is an important step in building a multivariate regression model for which several methods and statistical packages are available. A comprehensive approach for variable selection in complex multivariate regression analyses within HIV cohorts is explored by utilizing both epidemiological and biostatistical procedures. Methods: Three different methods for variable selection were illustrated in a study comparing survival time between subjects in the Department of Defense's National History Study and the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center's HIV Atlanta VA Cohort Study. The first two methods were stepwise selection procedures, based either on significance tests (Score test), or on information theory (Akaike Information Criterion), while the third method employed a Bayesian argument (Bayesian Model Averaging). Results: All three methods resulted in a similar parsimonious survival model. Three of the covariates previously used in the multivariate model were not included in the final model suggested by the three approaches. When comparing the parsimonious model to the previously published model, there was evidence of less variance in the main survival estimates. Conclusions: The variable selection approaches considered in this study allowed building a model based on significance tests, on an information criterion, and on averaging models using their posterior probabilities. A parsimonious model that balanced these three approaches was found to provide a better fit than the previously reported model.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere87352
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number1
StatePublished - 29 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


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