Compacted cancellous bone has a spring-back effect

Søren Kold*, Joan E. Bechtold, Ming Ding, Keerati Chareancholvanich, Ole Rahbek, Kjeld Søballe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new surgical technique, compaction, has been shown to improve implant fixation. It has been speculated that the enhanced implant fixation with compaction could be due to a spring-back effect of compacted bone. However, such an effect has yet to be shown. Therefore we investigated in a canine model whether implant cavities prepared with compaction had spring back. Before killing the animals, we used one of two surgical techniques to make implant cavities of identical dimensions in both lateral femoral condyles of 7 dogs. One side had the implant cavity prepared with compaction, the other side with drilling. The cavities were left empty in vivo for 10 minutes before the dogs were killed. Postoperative micro-CT scanning showed that the diameters of the compacted cavities were significantly smaller than those of the drilled cavities, although they had had identical dimensions initially. Thus we found a spring-back effect of compacted bone, which may be important for increasing implant fixation by reducing initial gaps between the implant and bone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-595
Number of pages5
JournalActa Orthopaedica Scandinavica
Volume74
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes

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