Comparison of Internal Jugular Vein Cross-Section Area During a Russian Tilt-Table Protocol and Microgravity

Jason David*, Richard A. Scheuring, Andrew Morgan, Cara Olsen, Ashot Sargsyan, Alexey Grishin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: To date, we lack U.S. data on the effects of the long-used Russian tilt-table training protocol known as the Russian pre-launch tilt-table training protocol on internal jugular vein cross sectional area (IJV-CSA) in microgravity. CASE REPORT: A case study of a single healthy male astronaut volunteer was used for this study. The right IJV-CSA was measured using real time ultrasound at set times throughout the Russian pre-launch tilt-table training protocol, a method of physiological preparation for microgravity using tilt-table training. In microgravity, the subject’s right IJV-CSA was measured again for comparison. The mean difference from in-flight right IJV-CSA for pre-tilt (0°) was 20.438 cm2, for 215° was 0.887 cm2, for 230° was 0.864 cm2, for +50° was 21.15 cm2, and for post-tilt (0°) the difference was 20.305 cm2. DISCUSSION: The cross-sectional areas of the subject’s right IJV-CSA were significantly different between in-flight values and several angles of the Russian tilt-table protocol, except for the 0° measurement. In summary, this case-study represents the first time IJV-CSA has been compared between various angles of a tilt-table training protocol and microgravity in the same astronaut subject. The findings support prior cohort studies studying the same principles. Further investigation is merited; both to better describe the relationship between the cardiovascular effects of tilt-table simulations of microgravity and their correlating in-flight values, and to evaluate and study the Russian tilt-table protocol effects on cardiovascular physiology from a training and preparation perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-211
Number of pages5
JournalAerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Russian pre-launch tilt-table
  • Russian tilt-table
  • cross-sectional area
  • internal jugular vein
  • microgravity
  • spaceflight
  • training protocol
  • ultrasound


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