Comparison of outcomes in noncomplicated and in higher-risk donors after standard versus hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy

Rod B. Mateo, Linda Sher, Nicolas Jabbour, Gagandeep Singh, Linda Chan, Robert R. Selby, Mohamed El-Shahawy, Yuri Genyk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Hand-assisted techniques facilitated dissemination of the laparoscopic approach in live kidney donors and addressed concerns regarding potential procedural complications. We report our experience with both standard and hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy in routine, complicated, and higher-risk donors. From July 1999 to September 2002, 47 donors underwent standard laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (SLDN; n = 29) or hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (HALDN; n = 18). Donors were "complicated" if they were >60 years of age, obese, refused blood-product transfusion, had multiple renal arteries or veins, or had right nephrectomies. "Higher-risk" donors had two or more risk factors. Results for SLDN and HALDN were compared for the overall groups and for the "complicated" and "higher-risk" groups. No donor required blood transfusion or reoperation. Warm-ischemia times were shorter in left nephrectomies (191 ± 72 seconds vs. 337 ± 95 seconds, P = 0.005), and blood loss was greater in patients with a body mass index ≥30 kg/m2 (296 ± 232 mL vs. 170 ± 139 mL, P = 0.03). Higher-risk donors had an increased operative blood loss and longer hospital stay than low-risk donors. Mean donor creatinine at discharge was 1.19 ± 0.2 mg/dL. Comparison of SLDN versus HALDN revealed shorter operating times for the latter, which approached statistical significance. Warm-ischemia time, operative blood loss, length of hospitalization, and donor and recipient discharge creatinines were similar for both groups. Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy can be applied to selected higher-risk donors with outcomes comparable to uncomplicated donors. Hand-assisted techniques facilitate the procedure during the learning curve, with advantages similar to standard laparoscopic techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-778
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of outcomes in noncomplicated and in higher-risk donors after standard versus hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this