Comparison of Piperacillin and Tazobactam Pharmacokinetics in Critically Ill Patients with Trauma or with Burn

Daniel J. Selig*, Kevin S. Akers, Kevin K. Chung, Adrian T. Kress, Jeffrey R. Livezey, Elaine D. Por, Kaitlin A. Pruskowski, Jesse P. Deluca

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Critical illness caused by burn and sepsis is associated with pathophysiologic changes that may result in the alteration of pharmacokinetics (PK) of antibiotics. However, it is unclear if one mechanism of critical illness alters PK more significantly than another. We developed a population PK model for piperacillin and tazobactam (pip-tazo) using data from 19 critically ill patients (14 non-burn trauma and 5 burn) treated in the Military Health System. A two-compartment model best described pip-tazo data. There were no significant differences found in the volume of distribution or clearance of pip-tazo in burn and non-burn patients. Although exploratory in nature, our data suggest that after accounting for creatinine clearance (CrCl), doses would not need to be increased for burn patients compared to trauma patients on consideration of PK alone. However, there is a high reported incidence of augmented renal clearance (ARC) in burn patients and pharmacody-namic (PD) considerations may lead clinicians to choose higher doses. For critically ill patients with normal kidney function, continuous infusions of 13.5–18 g pip-tazo per day are preferable. If ARC is suspected or the most stringent PD targets are desired, then continuous infusions of 31.5 g pip-tazo or higher may be required. This approach may be reasonable provided that therapeutic drug monitoring is enacted to ensure pip-tazo levels are not supra-therapeutic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number618
JournalAntibiotics
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • burns
  • critical illness
  • pharmacokinetics
  • piperacillin
  • tazobactam

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