Comparison of virtual bronchoscopy to fiber-optic bronchoscopy for assessment of inhalation injury severity

Herbert P. Kwon, Thomas B. Zanders, Dara D. Regn, Samuel E. Burkett, John A. Ward, Ruth Nguyen, Corina Necsoiu, Bryan S. Jordan, Gerald E. York, Santiago Jimenez, Kevin K. Chung, Leopoldo C. Cancio, Michael J. Morris, Andriy I. Batchinsky*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Purpose: Compare virtual bronchoscopy (VB) to fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) for scoring smoke inhalation injury (SII).

Methods: Swine underwent computerized tomography (CT) with VB and FOB before (0) and 24 and 48 h after SII. VB and FOB images were scored by 5 providers off line.

Results: FOB and VB scores increased over time ( p < 0.001) with FOB scoring higher than VB at 0 (0.30 ± 0.79 vs. 0.03 ± 0.17), 24 h (4.21 ± 1.68 vs. 2.47 ± 1.50), and 48 h (4.55 ± 1.83 vs. 1.94 ± 1.29). FOB and VB showed association with PaO2-to-FiO2 ratios (PFR) with areas under receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC): for PFR ≤ 300, VB 0.830, FOB 0.863; for PFR ≤ 200, VB 0.794, FOB 0.825; for PFR ≤ 100, VB 0.747, FOB 0.777 (all p <; 0.001). FOB showed 80.3% specificity, 77% sensitivity, 88.8% negative-predictive value (NPV), and 62.3% positive-predictive value (PPV) for PFR ≤ 300 and VB showed 67.2% specificity, 85.5% sensitivity, 91.3% NPV, and 53.4% PPV.

Conclusions: VB provided similar injury severity scores to FOB, correlated with PFR, and reliably detected airway narrowing. VB performed during admission CT may be a useful screening tool specifically to demonstrate airway narrowing induced by SII.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1308-1315
Number of pages8
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Computed tomography scan
  • Fiber-optic bronchoscopy
  • Inhalation injury
  • Swine
  • Virtual bronchoscopy


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