Although complement activation is known to occur in the setting of severe hemorrhagic shock and tissue trauma (HS/T), the extent to which complement drives the initial inflammatory response and end-organ damage is uncertain. In this study, complement factor 3-deficient (C3-/-) mice and wild-type control mice were subjected to 1.5-h hemorrhagic shock, bilateral femur fracture, and soft tissue injury, followed by 4.5-h resuscitation (HS/T). C57BL/6 mice were also given 15 U of cobra venom factor (CVF) or phosphate-buffered saline injected intraperitoneally, followed by HS/T 24 h later. The results showed that HS/T resulted in C3 consumption in wild-type mice and C3 deposition in injured livers. C3-/- mice had significantly lower serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and circulating DNA levels, together with much lower circulating interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, and high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) levels. Temporary C3 depletion by CVF preconditioning also led to reduced transaminases and a blunted cytokine release. C3-/- mice displayed well-preserved hepatic structure. C3-/- mice subjected to HS/T had higher levels of heme oxygenase-1, which has been associated with tissue protection in HS models. Our data indicate that complement activation contributes to inflammatory pathways and liver damage in HS/T. This suggests that targeting complement activation in the setting of severe injury could be useful.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|State||Published - Nov 2010|
- Double-strand DNA
- Heme oxygenase-1
- High-mobility group box 1
- Single-strand DNA
- Systemic inflammatory response syndrome