Computational analysis supports IL-17A as a central driver of neutrophil extracellular trap-mediated injury in liver ischemia reperfusion

Samer Tohme*, Hamza O. Yazdani, Vikas Sud, Patricia Loughran, Hai Huang, Ruben Zamora, Richard L. Simmons, Yoram Vodovotz, Allan Tsung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hepatic ischemia reperfusion (I/R) is a clinically relevant model of acute sterile inflammation leading to a reverberating, selfsustaining inflammatory response with resultant necrosis. We hypothesized that computerized dynamic network analysis (DyNA) of 20 inflammatory mediators could help dissect the sequence of post-I/R mediator interactions that induce injury. Although the majority of measured inflammatory mediators become elevated in the first 24 h, we predicted that only a few would be secreted early in the process and serve as organizational centers of downstream intermediator complexity. In support of this hypothesis, DyNA inferred a central organizing role for IL-17A during the first 3 h of reperfusion. After that, DyNA revealed connections among almost all the inflammatory mediators, representing an ongoing cytokine storm. Blocking IL-17A immediately after reperfusion disassembled the inflammatory networks and protected the liver from injury. Disassembly of the networks was not achieved if IL-17A blockage was delayed two or more hours postreperfusion. Network disassembly was accompanied by decrease in neutrophil infiltration and neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation. By contrast, administration of recombinant IL-17A increased neutrophil infiltration, NET formation, and liver necrosis. The administration of DNase, a NET inhibitor, significantly reduced hepatic damage despite prior administration of IL-17A, and DNase also disassembled the inflammatory networks. In vitro, IL-17A was a potent promoter of NET formation. Therefore, computational analysis identified IL-17A's early, central organizing role in the rapid evolution of a network of inflammatory mediators that induce neutrophil infiltration and NET formation responsible for hepatic damage after liver I/R.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-277
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume202
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

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